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CRIMINAL Lawyer North York

We personally handpicked the best CRIMINAL Lawyers in North York based on our 100 point inspection process which includes everything from checking reviews, ratings, reputation, history, complaints, satisfaction, trust and cost to the general excellence. We make finding the best CRIMINAL Lawyer in North York easy as 1-2-3.


Services Provided By CRIMINAL Attorney In North York:

CRIMINAL LAW,ASSAULT, DOMESTIC, SEXUAL, HOMICIDE, FRAUD, THEFT, DRUGS, IMPAIRED DRIVING, OVER 80, 80+, BAIL, BAIL REVIEW,Violent Offences,DUI DRIVING ,Sex Crimes & Domestic Offences,Impaired & Other Driving Offences,Drug Charges, Property & Theft Charges,Fraud And Financial Charges,General Criminal Defence,Extradition,Professional Disciplines, Domestic Assault, Aggravated Assault and Assault with a Weapon ,Mischief Under $5000 and Mischief Over $5000 ,Uttering Threats,Criminal Harassment ,Fraud and Credit Card Possession, Shoplifting / Theft Under $5000, Drug Possession and Drug Importing,Drug Trafficking, Firearms Possession and Other Gun Charges Weapons Possession ,Fail to Comply with Bail Obstruct Police; Obstruct Justice, Bail Hearings and Bail Detention Reviews, Extradition Hearings, Young Offenders, Victim Support and Assistance


Jeffrey I. Reisman Criminal Defence Lawyer


Spoke with Jeffrey over the telephone today. All I can say is he gave me the best advice I could want today without having to pay for his time. I now have a clear direction in which way we need to go. He understood our situation an was more than happy to offer me some much needed guidance. I would definitely recommend Jeffrey as we alone are taking his advice an giving it a go cause he made us feel confident enough to do what we need to. Thank you Jeffrey once again!

Arif Hussain, Barrister & Solicitor


Long time friend of over 20 years. And still continues to give insight and advice. Couldn't ask for anything more. Not many people can be considered family in the client-lawyer relationship. But you're definitely one of them.Keep doing what you do, and be safe while doing it!

Charitsis Law | Criminal Lawyers


Nicholas and Ali were awesome to deal with, very helpful and always available to answer any questions I had. They were able to do what seemed impossible and get my criminal charges dropped. Can’t thank them enough for what they did for me. I am convinced they are the best lawyers out there and would recommend them to anyone needing a lawyer.

DUI Lawyer & Impaired Driving Lawyer - Jonathan Lapid



I contacted Jonathan Lapid because of an unlawful DUI charge. The police officer that pulled me over didn’t even do a breathalyzer or sobriety test. Jonathan got the charges dropped.This guy is really good at what he does

Neuberger & Partners LLP


Mr. Joseph and his team works with full commitment for their clients. Mr. Joseph did an amazing work for my case and his whole team is very responsive and reply you with the best possible solution for your case. Absolutely recommended as the best in his field who works with great professionalism and confidence. Thank you Mr. Joseph, Yuvika and whole team!!
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Summary conviction offences

Summary conviction offences, such as an indecent act, breaching a probation order and disturbing the peace, are the least serious type of offences. If you are charged with a summary conviction offence, you will not have a preliminary hearing, and your trial will be held in the Ontario Court of Justice before a judge only. There will not be a jury.

Indictable offences

Indictable offences, such as murder, are the most serious type of offences. Other types of indictable offences include theft over $5,000, break and enter, and aggravated assault. The specific indictable offence you have been charged with will determine whether you will have the choice of having a preliminary hearing, whether you will have the right to select a trial by a judge and a jury, and which court your trial will be held in. Because of the serious nature of indictable offences, if you are charged with an indictable offence, you will require a lawyer to represent you.


Hybrid offences

The third kind of offence is called a hybrid offence. For hybrid offences, such as assault, the Crown prosecutor chooses whether the offence will be treated as a less serious summary conviction offence or a more serious indictable offence. The prosecutor’s decision will affect where the trial takes place and which penalties will apply.

Penalties under the Criminal Code

The penalties for criminal offences are set out in the Criminal Code and vary widely depending on each specific offence.

Summary offences

For most minor offences, which in law are called summary conviction offences, the maximum punishment is a fine of $5,000 or two years less a day in prison, or both.

Certain offences, however, have different maximum terms of imprisonment when prosecuted summarily. These include:

  • Assault causing bodily harm and Assault with a weapon – maximum 18 months
  • Sexual assault – maximum 18 months
  • Indecent exposure to person under 16 – maximum six months

Indictable offences

For serious offences, which in law are called indictable offences, the maximum punishment can range anywhere from two years in prison to life in prison, depending on the offence.

Recent changes to the Criminal Code have reclassified indictable offences that are punishable by 10 years imprisonment or less so that they are now considered hybrid offences, meaning they can be treated as either a summary or an indictable offence.

Hybrid offences

For hybrid offences, the Crown prosecutor chooses whether the offence will be treated as a less serious summary conviction offence or a more serious indictable offence, depending on the circumstances of the case. The Crown’s decision on how to proceed is based on many factors, such as the seriousness of the alleged conduct and whether there are any previous convictions. The Crown will also take into consideration the type of sentence they intend to seek, given all the circumstances of the alleged offence and of the offender.

Offences with set minimum penalties

Some offences under the Criminal Code have minimum penalties, which means that the sentencing judge has no discretion to sentence below the set minimum.


Other factors that affect your penalty

Although the Criminal Code establishes a range of penalties, the Court will generally also look at your personal circumstances, such as whether this is your first offence and whether you are employed and have a family, when deciding your final penalty. The circumstances in which the offence was committed are also very important. You should have a lawyer assist you at your sentencing hearing.

Process to lay a charge through a justice of the peace

When you meet with the justice of the peace, you will have to explain what happened and swear an oath that you have good reason to believe that a criminal offence has been committed.

As per the Criminal Code, because the information is brought to the court by a private citizen, the justice of the peace must then refer it to a provincial court judge, or in Quebec, a judge of the Court of Quebec, or another designated justice of the peace, who will hold a special hearing to decide if the person you accused should be compelled to attend court and answer to the charge. If during the hearing the justice is satisfied that an offence was committed, the justice will issue a summons, which is a document that orders the person you accused to come to court on a certain day. The justice may also in some circumstances, issue a warrant to arrest that person.

If the justice does not believe you or does not believe that an offence has been committed, no legal action will be taken against the alleged offender. If charges are laid, at court, the Crown prosecutor will step in and take over the prosecution. If you are an essential witness you could receive a subpoena requiring you to attend court to give evidence on the matter. The subpoena will contain information about the date and courtroom you must attend.

The right to remain silent is guaranteed by section 7 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The Charter states that:

everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of the person and the right not to be deprived thereof except in accordance with the principles of fundamental justice.

Essentially, this means that a person does not have to speak to a police officer or other person in authority. It flows from the basic presumption that all individuals are presumed innocent until proven guilty. However, if a person chooses to speak to a police officer, he or she must tell the officer the truth. If the person lies to the police, he or she may be charged with one or more of the following criminal offences: obstructing a police officer, public mischief and obstructing justice. If you have been charged with a crime, it is important to hire an experienced criminal defence lawyer as soon as possible.

If a person’s right to silence is violated by a police officer or other agent of the state, the trial judge would be able to exclude the evidence obtained under such circumstances, because under the Charter, if it would bring the administration of justice into disrepute.

In addition to the right to remain silent, a person cannot be required to give evidence against him or herself. However, if a person does testify, he or she is obliged to the truth. Again, to not do so can result (although this is rare) in a charge of perjury.

Furthermore, the state cannot use so-called “dirty tricks,” such as undercover police or police informers to get a suspect to speak about an offence. However, this can be a complicated issue and depends on the nature of the relationship between the suspect and the police officer/informer. If the officer/informer is acting as an agent of the state, then this will usually be regarded as a violation of a person’s right to remain silent.

Lastly, even though the right to remain silent applies any time an individual interacts with a person in authority, there is no requirement that the police advise a person of the right to silence. However, as with all Charter rights, the right to silence cannot be waived (given up) unless such a waiver is informed with full knowledge of the consequences of one’s actions.

Many people who are charged with a criminal offence are experiencing mental health and/or addiction issues. The client, and their families, are often in crisis, and are crying out for help from professionals. In many cases, the appropriate treatment can help to reduce the criminal penalty, or even result in the client not having a criminal conviction. However, if the client has been fingerprinted and photographed by the police they will still have some form of a criminal record that will need to be removed.

At a very early stage of the process, a criminal defence lawyer experienced in mental health and addiction issues has the ability to understand whether the client has a mental illness or addiction, and if so, how this has played a role in the commission of the offence.

If, after a careful review of the evidence, the lawyer determines that the case against the client can be proven beyond a reasonable doubt, the lawyer will discuss the possible motivation for the client committing the crime.

If mental illness or an addiction has contributed to the client’s behaviour, the lawyer will:

  • obtain an assessment from a professional, usually a psychiatrist,
  • arrange counselling, and then
  • provide a report to the Crown attorney or the court.

This report will outline the link between the illness and the criminal behaviour, as well as provide a diagnosis and treatment. If the client successfully completes treatment, the report will most likely indicate that the client is less of a risk to the public, and will remain so as long as he or she remains committed to abstaining from substance abuse and/or continuing counselling and medication, if recommended.

An experienced criminal defence lawyer with expertise in dealing with mental health and/or addiction issues can:

  • significantly reduce the impact criminal charges will have on the client and the client’s family,
  • provide clients and their families with the tools to manage the mental illness and/or the addiction, and thereby
  • give them hope for a brighter future.